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Neuroanatomy An Atlas of Structures, Sections, and Systems - Duane E. Haines




Introduction and Reader’s Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Including Rationale for Labels and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
External Morphology of the Central Nervous System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
The Spinal Cord: Gross Views and Vasculature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
The Brain: Lobes, Principle Brodmann Areas, Sensory-Motor Somatotopy . . . . . . . . . . . 13
The Brain: Gross Views, Vasculature, and MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The Cranial Nerves in MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
The Insula: Gross View and MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

The Meninges, Cisterns, and Meningeal and Cisternal Hemorrhages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
The Ventricles and Ventricular Hemorrhages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Dissections of the Central Nervous System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Lateral, Medial, and Ventral Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Overall Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Internal Morphology of the Brain in Slices and MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Brain Slices in the Coronal Plane Correlated with MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Brain Slices in the Axial Plane Correlated with MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Internal Morphology of the Spinal Cord and Brain in Stained Sections . . . . . . . . . 83
The Spinal Cord with CT and MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Arterial Patterns Within the Spinal Cord With Vascular Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
The Degenerated Corticospinal Tract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
The Medulla Oblongata with MRI and CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Arterial Patterns Within the Medulla Oblongata With Vascular Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . 110
The Cerebellar Nuclei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
The Pons with MRI and CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Arterial Patterns Within the Pons With Vascular Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
The Midbrain with MRI and CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Arterial Patterns Within the Midbrain With Vascular Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
The Diencephalon and Basal Nuclei with MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Arterial Patterns Within the Forebrain With Vascular Syndromes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Internal Morphology of the Brain in Stained Sections:
Axial–Sagittal Correlations with MRI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Axial–Sagittal Correlations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Synopsis of Functional Components, Tracts, Pathways, and Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Components of Cranial and Spinal Nerves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Sensory Pathways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Motor Pathways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Cerebellum and Basal Nuclei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Optic, Auditory, and Vestibular Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Limbic System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232

Anatomical–Clinical Correlations: Cerebral Angiogram, MRA, and MRV . . . . . . 239
Cerebral Angiogram, MRA, and MRV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Blood Supply to the Choroid Plexi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Overview of Vertebral and Carotid Arteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
Q&A’s: A Sampling of Study and Review Questions, Many in the USMLE Style,
All With Explained Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253


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